Historical Information about Holy Sites  in the Holy Land

Mount Tabor

 

Mount Tabor

The Mount of Transfiguration. The Franciscan Church of the Transfiguration was built in 1924. The ruins include Byzantine and Crusader basilicas and a 13th century fortress wall.

Qumran Holy Land

Qumran

Community center of the Essenes who produced the famous Dead Sea Scrolls.  They lived in natural caves in the adjoining cliffs, in tents, and in underground chambers cut in the soft marl. They gathered here for all the religious and economic activities of the sect. The well-preserved ruins, situated on a little plateau on the north-west shore of the Dead Sea. The Essenes had been forced to abandon the site as the result of military action in the days when Herod the Great fought for his kingdom  40-37BC . They returned after some years to continue their monastic form of life until the Romans expelled them in AD68. They hid their Scriptures in eleven of the caves around their settlement. Two Bedouin shepherds discovered the scrolls in 1947, since then more than 400000 manuscripts and fragments, have been discovered. The scrolls are on exhibit at the Shrine of the Book and in the Israeli Museum and in the Rockefeller Museum

Mary's Wall Holy Land

 

Mary's Well 

Mary's Well is Nazareth’s biggest spring and its only natural water supply.

Women  used to come to this spring to draw water and do the washing,Mary might have also come to it.

Qumran Holy Land
 
 

Mount of Beatitudes

In 1938 the Franciscans built The Church of the Beatitudes on the mountain where tradition holds that Jesus gave the Sermon on the Mount.  The octagon formation of the church represents the eight beatitudes

Church of the Beatitudes

Tabgha

The Greek word Heptapegon means (the place of seven springs) , and it was corrupted in Arabic into Tabgha. The village of Tabgha houses,The Church of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes, the Church of the Primacy of Peter and the Church of the Sermon on the Mount of Beatitudes

TABGA Holy Land
 
 
Cana of Galilee Holy Land

Cana of Galilee

The place where, according to the Fourth Gospel, Jesus performed his first public miracle, the turning of a large quantity of water into wine at a wedding feast (John 2:1-11).

 

Capernaum

is an ancient fishing village on the north shore of the Sea of Galilee. It is home to a celebrated Byzantine-era synagogue as well as the house where Jesus healed a paralytic and St. Peter's mother-in-law.Capernaum is frequently mentioned in the Gospels and was Jesus' main base during his Galilean ministry. It is referred to as Jesus' "own city" (Mt 9:1; Mk 2:1) and a place where he lived (Mt 1:13). He probably chose it simply because it was the home of his first converts, Peter and Andrew (Mk 1:21, 29).

Cafarnaum
 

Mount of Temptation

On this mountain which is called in Arabic (Jebel Quruntul ), west of Jericho , is the place where Jesus was tempted by Satan. The Greek Orthodox Church acquired the site in 1874, and most of the present monastery had been reconstructed by 1895.

 

Mount of Temptation
 

Grotto of Nativity

The Grotto of Nativity has been venerated as the birthplace of Jesus since the time of Hadrian, 135 AD. The Church of the Nativity was first dedicated by Queen Helena in 339 AD.  The Grotto of Nativity lies in the lowermost cave of the church.

Grotto of Nativity Bethlehem
 

Ein Karem

Home of Zachary and Elizabeth and birthplace of John the Baptist.  

 

Church of St. John the Baptist: The earliest church on the site goes back to the 5thcentury. It was recovered by the Franciscans in the second half of the 17th century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Church of the Visitation: With its mosaic façade (1955) depicting Mary visiting Elizabeth. The two-tier church was completely rebuilt in 1946, but care was taken to incorporate all the medieval and Byzantine elements that came to light.

Church of the Visitation
Church of St. John the Baptist
 

Shepherd's Field

While no one knows the location of the angels' visit to the Shepherds, it was certainly somewhere in the vicinity of the hills of Bethlehem.  Two sites remember this event; one belongs to the Greek Orthodox and the other to the Roman Catholics.

 

The Holy Sepulchre

The most sacred site of Christianity. In the early C4 the emperor Constantine decided to build a church commemorating the Resurrection. Constantine’s church, started in 326, was dedicated in 335. The building had been set on fire by the Persians in 614, then rebuilt by patriarch Modestus. It was again destroyed in 1009 by the Fatimid Caliph Hakim, and reconstructed in 1042-1048 by Constantine Monomachus. After capturing Jerusalem in 1099, the Crusaders were slow to modify the church, but it was erected in 

The Holy Sepulchre
 

The Basilica of the Annunciation - Nazareth

The Basilica of the Annunciation (the place where the angel Gabriel appeared to Mary) was designed by the Italian architect Giovanni Muzio. He conceived a plan of two churches, one above the other and interconnected.

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Basilica of the Annunciation, Nazareth Holy Land